Knee pain can be detrimental to a person’s overall quality of life. Experiencing pain while walking, going up and down stairs, kneeling to get in and out of bed can hinder mobility and keep you from doing many of the things you love to do.
Types of Knee Pain:
Patella Tendonitis aka Jumper’s Knee
Patella Tendonitis is inflammation of the patellar tendon, causing severe knee pain. The patellar tendon is the tendon that connects the knee cap (patellar) to the shin bone (tibia). This tendon is an extension of the quadriceps muscles and is most commonly injured due to overuse.
Some signs of Patella Tendonitis is pain at your knee cap, swelling, stiffness in your knee, and severe knee pain with running, jumping, or going down stairs.
It’s usually a sports-related injury, linked to leg muscle contraction and the force of hitting the ground. This strains your tendon. With repeated stress, your tendon may become inflamed.
Patellofemoral Syndrome AKA Chondromalacia Patella
Patellofemoral Syndrome is often caused by poor tracking of the kneecap and the trochlear groove. This will cause damage under the knee cap causing a softening of the knee, which is often associated with crepitus, grinding, and severe knee pain.
Some signs of Patellofemoral Syndrome is knee pain when squatting, running, climbing stairs, hearing a popping or grinding at the front of your knee, having severe knee pain at the front of your knee.
Some causes of Patellofemoral Syndrome are performing repetitive exercises with poor techniques, having muscle imbalances, overtraining, quadriceps weakness.
IT Band Syndrome
IT Band Syndrome occurs when the iliotibial band—a thick band of connective tissue that runs from the outside of your hip to the outside of the knee—is tight or inflamed.
The most typical and notable symptom of IT band syndrome is pain on the outside of the knee. If you’re consistently experiencing this pain about five to seven minutes into every run, you likely have IT Band Syndrome.
Some causes of IT band Syndrome is muscle weakness, decreased muscle flexibility, overtraining, poor shoe wear, running downhill, and women are more prevalent to experience IT band Syndrome because of naturally wider hips.
Osteoarthritis, also known as “wear and tear” arthritis, is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration. When the cartilage deteriorates, it becomes rough or disappears entirely leaving the bone surfaces to rub against one another, causing knee pain that people associate with having arthritis.
Some signs of Osteoarthritis are discomfort and stiffness upon waking or sitting for a prolonged period of time, pain that flares up after you’ve been active, and calms when you rest, loss of flexibility and less range of motion in the knee, swelling stiffness, and warmth in the knee area.
Meniscus injuries are some of the most common knee injuries. Any activity that causes you to forcefully twist or rotate your knee, especially when putting your full weight on it, can lead to a torn meniscus.
Some signs of Knee Meniscus Injuries are severe knee pain, swelling, and stiffness. You also might feel a block to knee motion and have trouble extending your knee fully.
Physical Therapy for Knee Pain
At Movement Physiotherapy, every patient receives a specialized and thorough Physical Therapy exam. Each exam is a total body assessment meaning we check your mobility and strength from head to toe. We will take a look at how each joint is moving, and check out what muscles are stronger and what muscles are weaker.
We start by assessing fundamental movement patterns to highlight weak muscles or immobile joints that are common causes of compensatory movement patterns. The body is great at creating these compensatory movement patterns to complete tasks that we need done for short term. It’s when these compensatory movement patterns become a long term solution that they create further pain and dysfunction.
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