Foot & ANKLE Pain
Types of Foot Pain
Plantar fasciitis is An inflammation of a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. The inflamed tissue runs across the bottom of the foot. Symptoms include stabbing pain near the heel. Pain might be worst in the morning.
You’re at greater risk of plantar fasciitis if you:
- Are female
- Are 40 to 60 years old
- Are obese
- Have flat feet or high arches
- Have tight Achilles tendons, or “heel cords”
- Have an unusual walk or foot position
- Often wear high-heeled shoes
- Spend many hours standing each day
- Wear worn-out shoes with thin soles
At Movement Physiotherapy, we specialize in the non invasive treatment for Plantar fasciitis. We focus our treatment using our Manual therapy skills to manually stretch your plantar fascia, achilles and calf. We use IASTM , Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization along the plantar fascia to decrease adhesions and improve the flexibility of your plantar fascia. We prescribe an individualized exercise plan. And finish the daily treatment with application of Kinesiology tape to promote a stretch along the bottom of the foot.
Our Plantar Fasciitis protocol is tried and true. Many former patients have arrived with heel pain, and left being able to walk without pain!
An Ankle Sprain injury that occurs when the ankle rolls, twists, or turns in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that help hold the ankle bones together. A sprained ankle causes swelling, pain, and limited range of motion.
Without proper treatment and rehabilitation, a more severe sprain can weaken your ankle—making it more likely that you will injure it again. Repeated ankle sprains can lead to long-term problems, including chronic ankle pain, arthritis, and ongoing instability.
A sprained ankle is painful. Other symptoms may include:
- Tenderness to touch
- Instability of the ankle—this may occur when there has been complete tearing of the ligament or a complete dislocation of the ankle joint.
Grades of Ankle Sprains
Grade 1 Sprain (Mild)
- Slight stretching and microscopic tearing of the ligament fibers
- Mild tenderness and swelling around the ankle
Grade 2 Sprain (Moderate)
- Partial tearing of the ligament
- Moderate tenderness and swelling around the ankle
- If the doctor moves the ankle in certain ways, there is an abnormal looseness of the ankle joint
Grade 3 Sprain (Severe)
- Complete tear of the ligament
- Significant tenderness and swelling around the ankle
- If the doctor pulls or pushes on the ankle joint in certain movements, substantial instability occurs
Common Ankle Ligaments Sprains
- ATFL – anterior talofibular ligament
- most commonly involved ligament in low ankle sprains
- mechanism is plantar flexion and inversion ( rolling ankle inward)
- CFL – Calcaneofibular ligament
- 2nd most common ligament injury in lateral ankle sprains
- mechanism is dorsiflexion and inversion (upwards and inwards)
As soon as possible after an injury, such as an ankle sprain, you can relieve pain and swelling and promote healing and flexibility with RICE—Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.
High Ankle Sprain
The high ankle ligaments (also called the syndesmosis) are located above the ankle, as opposed to the more commonly injured ligaments on the outside of the ankle. These high ankle ligaments connect the tibia to the fibula. It is important to have stability between the tibia and fibula at this level because walking and running place a tremendous amount of force at this junction.
A high ankle sprain, also called a syndesmotic injury, occurs when there is tearing and damage to the high ankle ligaments. These injuries are much less common than a traditional ankle sprain.
A high ankle sprain occurs from a twisting or rotational injury. They are common in sports, especially impact sports. An external rotation mechanism most commonly causes these tears, when the foot is turned towards the outside with respect to the leg. A high ankle sprain also can occur if the ankle is broken. In some cases, the ligament on the inside of the ankle (the deltoid) will be torn.
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